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As already mentioned, the World Council of Churches is perhaps the most important authority on all matters related to the ecumenical faith. Founded in 1948 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, this church organization brings together 350 individual ecclesiastical denominations under the single flag of ecumenism. The Council consists of a central governing body for this cause and also sponsors a wide range of events, publications and many other resources that are always free to the public. For those who agree with ecumenism, one of the most important binding components of this faith is that of the Trinitarian formula. The Trinitarian formula is the belief that God actually consists of three forms: the Son, the Father, and the Holy Spirit. The formula also greatly distinguishes a difference in each of these three forms of God. A divided Christianity is a scandal for the world and the Movement of the Holy Spirit calls for the restoration of unity. The Catholic Church`s quest for ecumenism rests on the recognition that, despite separation, elements of the Church can exist outside the visible boundaries of the Catholic Church. Thus, it can even be said that the continuation of ecumenism by the Church is another way of expressing her radical catholicity or universality. Most traditionalist Catholics (such as the Society of St. Pius X, the Society of St. Pius V, the Congregation of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, the slaves of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, etc.) are almost everywhere against ecumenism along with other religious groups.

Critics of the Catholic Church often criticize second Vatican Council documents that promote ecumenism, such as Nostra aetate and Unitatis redintegratio. Catholic opponents of ecumenism often cite earlier papal documents such as Pope Pius XI`s mortalium Animos (1928), which viewed the position that the Church of Christ can be divided into sections and that the unity of the Church was not realized as a false opinion. Considering these terms, Pius XI continued: “The Apostolic See can in no way participate in [non-Catholic] assemblies, and it is in no way legal for Catholics to support or work for such undertakings; for if they do, they will accept a false Christianity that is completely alien to the one Church of Christ. Are we going to suffer what would indeed be unjust, the truth and a divinely revealed truth that is the subject of a compromise? For it is a question of defending the revealed truth. [81] Many traditionally oriented Catholics often strictly interpret the doctrine of Extra Ecclesiam nulla salus (“outside the Church, there is no salvation”), or that salvation is found only in the Church. [82] The Wesleyan Evangelical Church, a Methodist association of the conservative holiness movement, teaches in its Book of Discipline that ecumenism should be avoided with denominations that teach doctrines contrary to Wesleyan-Arminian theology:[88] The Catholic Church has always considered it a primary duty to seek full unity with alienated communities of Christians and at the same time to reject, which it considers a false union that would mean being unfaithful or ignoring the teaching of Scripture and Tradition. In the Lutheran faith, there is even more resistance to ecumenism. This is due in large part to the attitude of the Synod of the Lutheran Church of Missouri (LCMS), an important figurehead of the Church. Therefore, the official position of the LCMS is that worship of God through ecumenism or even interreligious activities is not in accordance with the teachings of the Bible. The American Association of Lutheran Churches, another important figure in Lutheranism, also strongly rejects ecumenism and condemns it as a kind of illegal mix with sects and other false religious approaches. The Mortalium Animos of 1928 of Pope Pius XI is one of those decrees from which this resistance emerges. This decree essentially made the idea that different churches may have different approaches to Christianity a lie.

From this document alone, it is clear that many practicing Roman Catholics reject the concept of ecumenism and do not participate in it. However, this attitude is in direct contrast to the Roman Catholic decrees Nostra aetate and Unitatis redintegratio, which recognized the value of ecumenism and the unity of christ`s many Churches within it. Ecumenism is the movement to promote Christian unity. Jesus founded a holy, Catholic and apostolic church. Catholic with a capital letter “C” is used for the proper name that the Catholic Church names. In the Creed, Catholic is written with the small “c” to mean ecumenical, universal or throughout the country. When you hear the word ecumenical associated with the word movement, it usually refers to a movement towards greater Christian unity that began in the 20th century. While you are likely to get different opinions about when this movement really began, depending on whether you read the story from a Protestant, Catholic, or Orthodox perspective, some events tend to stand out when you start learning more about the ecumenical movement. One such event was the 1910 World Missionary Conference in Edinburgh, Scotland, attended by 1,200 delegates from most of the major Protestant denominations in North America and Northern Europe. These delegates discussed a number of things, including greater cooperation between Protestant churches in missionary and other efforts.

Ecumenism (/ɪˈkjuːmənɪzəm/), also spelled ecumenism, is the concept and principle in which Christians belonging to different Christian denominations work together to develop closer relations between their churches and promote Christian unity. [2] The adjective ecumenical therefore applies to any interfaith initiative that promotes greater cooperation between Christians and their Churches. The word ecumenical comes from the Greek, where it originally meant universal or represented the whole world. In the late 16th century, the word came into English as a church-related word that meant something that represented the entire Christian world. Ecumenical relations are relations between different types of Christian Churches that aspire to greater unity among themselves. The term ecumenism, as it is used today, refers to interfaith cooperation between different Christian churches. These initiatives can range from local churches of different denominations that organize a soup kitchen for the poor, organize an ecumenical Bible study with participants from different Christian traditions and invite all baptized Christians to participate in a feast of love when the churches celebrate them, to holding an ecumenical Service of the Way of the Cross on Friday during Christian Liturgical Lent, with a service every Friday at one of the other local churches (. B e.g., Catholic, Lutheran, Moravian, Anglican, Reformed and Methodist). [13] [14] The ultimate goal of ecumenism is the recognition of sacramental validity, Eucharistic sharing and the attainment of full communion among the different Christian confessions. [15] There are many different expectations about what this Christian unity looks like, how it is realized, what ecumenical methods should be used, and what the short- and long-term goals of the ecumenical movement should be.

The first significant and lasting split in historical Christianity, the so-called Nestorian schism, came from the Eastern Church, which consisted largely of Eastern Syrian Churches outside the Roman Empire, which left full communion after 431 in response to misunderstandings and personality conflicts at the Council of Ephesus. After fifteen centuries of alienation, the Assyrian Church of the East and the Roman Catholic Church began an ecumenical dialogue in the 1980s, which resulted in an agreement on the issue that divided them in the General Christological Declaration of 1994, which identifies the origin of the schism as largely linguistic, due to problems in translating a very sensitive and precise terminology from Latin into Aramaic and vice versa. Each member church of the Anglican Communion makes its own decisions regarding intercommunion. The 1958 Lambeth Conference recommended that “where there is unrestricted communion in sacris between two Churches which do not belong to the same confessional or confessional family, including mutual recognition and acceptance of ministries, the appropriate term is `full communion`, and that where different degrees of other relations are established as `full communion` by agreement between two of these Churches, is the appropriate term “intercommunion”. Members of the Anglican Communion have generally joined the ecumenical movement and have actively participated in organizations such as the World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States. .

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